Each man loves his native home-place - the land where he was born, whose beauty he imbibed with his mother's milk.
Our native homeplace is Arsk District of Tatarstan.
Similar to the man, each land, settlement, district has
its own face, its own historical tradition. The main pride of Arsk District
is people. The people, who by their wisdom, knowledge, diligence pro-duced
spiritual and material wealth. Due to their fruitful activi-ties and talent
the great heritage had been accumulated which we are proud to hand down
to our children and grandchildren. Noble deeds and undertakings of the
fore-father sare being continued by their grandchildren and great grandchildren.
From time immemorial the Arsk Land was famous for being a center of national culture and the land of plenty. Welcome to the hospitable land of Arsk District! The territory of Arsk District had been populated since the times before new era. From the early texts it is known that in 12-13th centuries the Kazanka river basin was firmly populated by the Bulgars - forefathers of Tatar people. In the beginning of 13th century Arsk was founded as the Bulgar frontier stronghold. During the period of Kazan Khanate Arsk had been the center of administra-tive unit - the Arsk Darouga. Later Arsk witnessed numerous popular uprisings for the freedom and land, against social, national and religious oppression.
Since 1930 Arsk is the center of Arsk District of Tatarstan. Arsk District, one of the largest in Tatarstan Republic, is situated in the center of northern part of territory to the west of Kama river. Total territory of district is 1,843 sq.km, population-51,000 (Tatars - 91%, Russians - 8%). District center - worker's town Arsk situated on the picturesque bank of Kazanka river - is only 60 km from city Kazan, capital of Tatarstan, and has a railroad connection with her. Population of Arsk is more than 15,000. There are 29 rural and 1 town Soviets (counsils) of local govern-ment, 129 settlements; 39 agricul-tural formation occupy 124 thou-sand hectare of arable land.
Today Arsk District is a large-scale producer of agricultural
pro-duce in Tatarstan. From time immemorial the main occupation of local
countryfolk was developed agriculture. In Middle Ages in the southern
part of Volga-Kama Bulgar State farming of the steppe type on chernozem
prevailed, but in tills district they practiced forest farming on podzol
soils. Stalled cattle-breeding developed. Tatars especially enjoyed breeding
of horses, cattle, sheep and goats, hens and geese. Such by-work as wild-hive
beekeeping, hunting and fishing were of a great help to countryfolk.
Today agriculture workers using advanced technologies, fertilizers
and high-yielding varieties of grain crops achieve rather high results.
In last year average crop capacity is 40,6 centners per hectare. Among
agriculture workers there are 720 specialists, 2,700 machine-operators,
2,500 cattle-breeders. Total number of cattle is 36,900, pigs - 17,700,
horses - 1000.
People of Arsk District do their best to make their common
home more beautiful and rich. There are 18 enterprises of light industry,
11 repair and construc-tion organizations. Constuction industry is being
developed. Brick-works of Czech design producing 25 mm bricks per year
had been built. Soon all houses at Arsk District will be supplied with
gas. The pace of construction and road building is very high. In 1978
at the Liepzig Fair the Arsk JSC "National Footwear" was awarded
the Gold Medal. It's the only enterprise in the world that produces footwear
with tradi-tional Tatar ornaments. You can-not help being delighted with
the look of embroidered skull-caps and ichigy (Tatar footwear) with their
original design and patterns! Each year, from time immemorial, after finishing
of spring agricultu-ral work they celebrate the merry Tatar national festival
Sabantouy. People gather on the green lawn where they sing, play and join
in sports competitions all day from dawn till dark.
This Tatar national festival, Sabantouy, with its brigh
tunfor-gettable impressions has become a traditional holiday for all people
Among places of interest the most popular are Memorial Center
of the great Tatar poet G. Toukay in village N. Kyrlai, Museum-Farmstead
of Toukay family in village Koushlavych, G. Toukay's bithplace, Arsk Museum
of Literature and Arts. There are also a lot of museums of local lore,
history and economy at the educational institutions. People keep and protect
the heritage of the past. The famous Kyshkar Medrese is now being restored
and the construction of Museum of folk writer M. Magdeev in vil-lage Goubourchak
is in the final stage.
Arsk District is the birthplace of many outstanding persons-sons
and daughters of Tatar people. And we are proud of it! Historical, cultural,
political tradi-tions, connected with Tatar State and education, had been
developed and strengthened for centuries in the Arsk Land.
On the Arsk soil such distin-guished Tatar scientists had
grown as Gabdennasyr Koursavy, Shigaboutdin Mar j any, Shamsoutdin Koultesy...
Well known are the na-mes of eminent poets and writers Gabdoullah Toukay,
Makhmout Galyaou, Goumer Bashirov, Moustafa Nougman, Garif Akhounov, Rafael
Well-known in Tatarstan are the names of our fellow-countrymen
remarkable artists Nagima Tazhdarova, Zouleykha Bogdanova, Gabdrakhman
Salimov, Shamil' Akhmetzyanov, Rabiga Sybgatoullina, Aydar Faizrakhmanov,
GouTzada Safioullina, Lyoutziya Khasanova, Roustem Zakirov, Gabdelfat
Safin, Fardinat Fatrakhmanov... There are 100 clubs and recre-ation centers,
61 library in Arsk District and 1 cinema-theater in Arsk.
Supplementary educational institu-tions - Arsk Arts School,
2 Children's Sports School, Palace^ of Schoolchildren and Palace of Young
Technicians in village N. Kyner' - are the favourite centers providing
communication and education for children and teenagers.
Trade service includes 165 shops, 66 cook-shops and bakeries,
5 markets. Dear friends!
We greet you with open heart, we are glad to meet you. Welcome
to our beautiful land!
Translated by Lahtionov K. G.